Research on Intelligent Transport Systems (ITS) covers a wide field. ITS comprise combinations of communication, computer and control technology developed and applied in transport to improve system performance, transport safety, efficiency, productivity, service, environment, energy and mobility. ITS can be applied to transport infrastructure, as well as to vehicles, such as cars, trucks and trains. These systems can be used in both passenger and freight transport to improve service quality and transport management.
Research embraces vehicles, infrastructure, transport organisation and information technology. Covering all transport modes, research on new vehicle technologies targets sustainability, efficiency and safety. Infrastructure technologies include new types of transport infrastructure, such as evacuated tubes, pipelines, MAGLEV and Personal Rapid Transit. Transport organisation includes GPS-based fleet tracking and intelligent tour planning, while information technologies include real-time (mobile) information, real-time tracking systems and vehicle-to-vehicle communication.
Research is directed to changing the ways air, rail, road and waterborne transport systems, particularly the infrastructure, are used. Transport management includes increasing or reducing capacity, reallocating capacity and changes in the operation of public transport. Measures are being developed to influence the use of the car, public transport, freight vehicles and non-motorised transport. Transport management also covers micro-level management including optimising transport operations and planning, supply chain management, and fleet management systems.