April's edition of the TRIP newsletter is out now http://bit.ly/2q2rYAi. This month's edition includes information on the European Commission's launch of the European Transport Innovation Challenge. It also features project updates, events, and transport research and innovation news.
Around 80 delegates from the EU’s nine Lighthouse projects along with officials from the European Commission and INEA converged on Nottingham last month pledging to strengthen project cooperation towards making our towns and cities smarter and more sustainable
The nine Lighthouse projects are spearheading the EUs efforts to offer holistic and integrated approaches to ecological and citizen-friendly urban regeneration. Together they are worth around €250m and represent some 60 cities across Europe.
On the back of a study tour organised by Lighthouse project REMOURBAN, Councillor Sam Webster of Nottingham City Council and Michael Carr, pro-vice chancellor of Nottingham Trent University hosted the signing of a Cooperation Manifesto which officially embodies the close cooperation already taking place between the Lighthouse projects.
The manifesto signing and study tour took place on 2 March and represented an opportunity for all the Lighthouse projects to get together to share findings, methods, strategies and barriers. Topics of discussion included business models for Smart City replication, best practices and Nottingham City’s 2020 Energy and Carbon Strategy. As part of the gathering, REMOURBAN coordinator Miguel Angel García Fuentes of Cartif Foundation in Spain, presented the project’s Urban Regeneration Model architecture that will provide valuable inputs to the Action Cluster on Integrated Planning from the European Innovation Partnership on Smart Cities and Communities.
In addition to the site visit to Nottingham’s Sneiton district and the city’s e-bus charging depot, the event offered the opportunity to convene meetings among the coordinators and the replication and dissemination task force. Their aim is to share knowledge on replication challenges and develop a common communication strategy to maximise replication potential within a growing number of European cities. This is a key issue for SCC projects which indeed have many overlapping themes and goals, but with different emphasis covering diverse urban areas. As Elisabeth Schmid from youris.com, leader of REMOURBAN dissemination and communication activities, reflected at the end of the event: “Designing a joint communication plan for nine Lighthouse projects seemed a bit of a tall order. Luckily it soon turned out that we could draw on the strong commitment and enthusiasm of our fellow projects. As the leader of the Task Group for joint dissemination and communication activities, our efforts so far have focused on letting all these positive energies to converge into something which gives added value to our projects’ reach. Together in Nottingham, we have been able to outline a cogent dissemination plan which ultimately is about generating replication opportunities beyond the projects themselves. We’re delighted to be part of this team and from what we’ve seen here in Nottingham our work is already starting to pay off”.
Innovation in transport is at risk because data is not being shared in the sector – according to a new report commissioned by the Transport Systems Catapult (TSC) and using analysis from the Open Data Institute (ODI) and Deloitte. Fears around cyber security, lack of data literacy skills and a legacy of viewing transport modes such as rail and road in isolation are restricting the free flow of information, preventing the UK from unlocking the full potential of its transport network. According to the TSC, overcoming these barriers could unlock £14bn of benefits from new innovations by 2025.
Technologies such as driverless cars, journey planning apps and smart ticketing are all identified as opportunities which can be fully exploited with a strong data regime that opens and shares as much data as possible while respecting privacy. The TSC is calling on government to work closely not only with the Catapult, but industry to develop a data culture by providing a framework for secure access to data and guidelines for opening and sharing data; led by a new Mobility Data Hub to help the public and private sector work together and breakdown the barriers.
The report shows that investment in data could lead to faster journeys, lower emissions, improved regional connections and opportunities for job creation in an emerging technology sector – without the need for massive infrastructure building projects.
Andrew Everett, Chief Strategy Officer at Transport Systems Catapult:
“Overcrowding on our rail network, congestion on our roads and the ongoing struggle with pollution and climate change can all be addressed by Intelligent solutions which make use of the opportunities afforded to us by new technologies. However, data is the key which unlocks the door to these innovations and, under the current status quo, data accessibility levels will remain inadequate for the UK to benefit fully. Issues such as cyber security should be tackled head on to overcome this and a coordinated approach between government and industry will be required to move forward.”
Sir Nigel Shadbolt, Chairman and Co-Founder of ODI:
“Data is essential to realise the vision of a future transport system that meets the expectations and exploits the capabilities of the internet age. To help people and goods move easily, cheaply and efficiently across every form of transport we need data to flow freely too. That data can help everyone make better decisions: passengers, freight companies, transport operators and policymakers.
Failure to act on open data will mean poorer quality services, reduced transport connectivity and a lost opportunity for the UK to use Intelligent Mobility as a driver for economic growth and social change.”
You can download the full report at ts.catapult.org.uk/OpenData
The Mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, has announced that the capital’s introduction of an Ultra Low Emission Zone (ULEZ) will now come into force in April 2019, instead of in September 2020.
The move will see all cars, motorcycles, vans, minibuses, buses, coaches and heavy goods vehicles that travel through the ULEZ that do not meet zone’s exhaust emission standards liable to pay a daily charge of £12.50.
The ULEZ standards are in addition to the Congestion Charge and the Low Emission Zone requirements.
The ULEZ will operate 24 hours a day, 7 days a week within the same area as the current Congestion Charging Zone (CCZ) and will now come into force in April 2019 rather than September 2020 as planned by Khan’s predecessor Boris Johnson.
Commenting on the move, Khan said: “The air in London is lethal and I will not stand by and do nothing.”
He is now planning to launch a consultation to explore the expansion of the ULEZ to all London buses, coaches, and trucks from 2020 and to extend the zone from London city airport in the east to Tottenham’s White Hart Lane football stadium in the north, Kew Gardens in the west and Clapham Common in the south from 2021.
Reuters reported that the ULEZ will apply to all petrol vehicles which do not meet Euro IV emissions standards and all diesel models which do not comply with Euro VI standards.
Earlier this year, Sadiq Khan announced the introduction of a ‘Toxicity Charge' (T-Charge) for the capital's most polluting vehicles, coming into effect on 23 October 2017.
The T-Charge will apply to cars which do not meet Euro IV emission standards, and will operate during the same times as the existing congestion charge – weekdays between 7am and 6pm.
Once the charge is in place, the vast majority of cars manufactured before 2006 will be in breach of the Euro IV emission standards and will face a £10 charge to drive in central London, in addition to the existing £11.50 congestion charge.
The Mayor of London has also launched the first of twelve low-emission bus zones (LEBZ), allowing only the greenest buses to travel through the zone which runs through Putney High Street – one of the capital's highest polluted areas.
According to City Hall, Putney exceeded hourly legal levels of nitrogen dioxide (NO2) on 1,248 occasions in 2016.
Khan has also reiterated his calls for the government to deliver a nationwide diesel scrappage scheme and introduce a new Clean Air Act to provide a clear and overarching framework for action.
Khan said: "I'm doing everything in my power to both transform London's bus fleet and target areas with the worst pollution so that the streets we live and work in are better places to be. However, I can't do this alone. That's why I am repeating my call to the government to take their responsibility seriously and introduce a national diesel scrappage fund to help get the most polluting vehicles off our roads and to give me the powers to tackle other sources of air pollution."
A growing number of major cities around the world are beginning to take similar actions, with selective diesel car bans and periodic car bans proving the most common.
Barcelona in Spain will begin banning cars older than 20 years on weekdays in 2019, while the city of Stuttgart in Germany will impose bans on diesel vehicles during periods of high-pollution beginning in 2018.
The world’s first zero-emission hydrogen train has successfully completed its first trial in Germany.
The Coradia iLint is powered by large lithium ion batteries that source energy from a hydrogen fuel tank on the roof of the train.
As a result, the train only emits excess steam into the atmosphere; providing an alternative to the Germany’s 4,000 diesel trains.
The Coradia iLint can travel almost 500 miles (805 kilometres) per day at speeds of up to 87 miles per hour (140 kilometres per hour).
Furthermore, the only sound the train emits comes from the wheels and air resistance.
The train was first presented at Berlin’s InnoTrans trade show in August last year, and is set to become the world’s only fuel cell passenger train – according to its developer Alstom.
The Coradia iLint has since completed its first test run that was carried out on the company’s own track in Salzgitter, Lower Saxony.
Passenger test runs are scheduled to commence at the beginning of 2018.
Didier Pfleger, Vice President of Alstom in Germany and Austria, said: “This test run is a significant milestone in environmental protection and technical innovation”.
He went on to say: “With the Coradia iLint and its fuel cell technology, Alstom is the first railway manufacturer to offer a zero-emission alternative for mass transit trains.”
The train is expected to run on the Buxtehude-Bremervörde-Bremerhaven-Cuxhaven line in Lower Saxony.
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The UK’s Transport Technology Forum, an independent voluntary body, has produced a guide about communication technologies for C-ITS which is intended to support policy developments.
The guide describes succinctly the features of the two main communication technology options (short-range/ITS G5 and long-range/cellular) and addresses the dilemma that the party paying for the delivery of a particular C-ITS service (in terms of hardware and/or data transmission) may not necessarily be the one benefitting.
The technical capability of each technology to deliver a set of day 1/1.5 services is presented. The guide concludes that the decision should not be about which technology to invest in but which C-ITS applications can deliver benefit to traffic management in the UK. There is an expectation that a hybrid approach will emerge.
The guide can be downloaded here.
The urban transport roadmaps tool is a web-based tool to help city authorities develop urban transport roadmaps that address the most pressing environmental, social and economic issues faced by their transportation systems between now and 2030.
The tool provides cities with the ability to identify, develop, screen and assess different transport policies and measures. In particular, it helps cities to quickly and easily assess the likely costs and impacts of measures that could help them improve the sustainability of their transport systems. Cities can explore combinations of different policy scenarios and assess the impacts of these scenarios on the environment, safety, mobility, the economy and the city’s transport system. This type of scenario analysis helps cities to rapidly identify which policy measures are likely to be useful in supporting their own urban transport sustainability goals.
A key benefit of the tool is that users do not need any prior experience in transport modelling.
The tool has been developed for DG Move by Ricardo Energy & Environment and Trasporti e Territorio.