The Directorate-General for Mobility (DGMo) sets policy on the movement of persons and goods by land, focusing on a coherent analysis of and approach to mobility, accessibility and spatial development, and strengthening links between the different modes of transport. The main focus points of this policy are accessibility, safety and liability of the living environment. In doing so, DGMo takes into account the responsibilities of civilians, companies and other governmental bodies.
To support the policy-making process, DGMo needs a solid knowledge base. This is achieved by setting up research programmes that are carried out by KiM (Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis)and by independent subcontractors.
Because of the level of applicability of the research results asked for, there are specific longer-term research programmes on transport matters. Nevertheless, policy objectives remain more or less the same throughout a longer period of time and specific research projects with a longer life span are part of the programme. Another part of the programme is reserved for short-term questions, often related to the political opportunities of the day.
Since 2010 the “Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management” including DGMo was integrated into the new Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment.
DGMo combines national objectives for accessibility, sustainability, security, social development, economic growth, and climate for establishing businesses with regional and local ambitions and responsibilities.
Co-operation with other governmental bodies (decentralisation), private parties (public-private co-operation) and interest groups. is stimulated in all sorts of ways Budget is allocated among the different policy sectors of the directorate and then prioritised. Next to the programme, a number of research institutions are subsidised, among which is the SWOV (Scientific Research Foundation on Road Safety).
In the years to come, the reliability of roads, railways and waterways must increase. Road congestion must be reduced and many more travellers need to arrive on time at their destination. This predictability is the biggest benefit of the traffic and transportation policy up to 2020 laid down in the Mobility Policy Document. The way to improve the reliability of the infrastructure is to build, price and utilise.
Pricing projects in the coming years focus on paying per kilometre. Goods traffic will be first to deal with road pricing, starting in 2011. Road pricing will be introduced in stages for all other traffic, starting in 2012, so that everyone will pay per kilometre driven in 2018 and there will be no more fixed car taxes.
Other projects in improving accessibility comprise improved utilisation. Research indicates that there are many opportunities for utilisation in terms of traffic logic. At the same time, knowledge of actual effectiveness is limited to a few instruments. The trend towards more coherence and the rise of new measures in fact requires additional knowledge to enable investment proposals to be evaluated well.
An evaluation and monitoring programme, as part of knowledge development, will therefore be set up. Knowledge of new applications and opportunities for innovation is also needed. There are also many other knowledge issues, such as solid insight into traffic handling, the role and structure of (regional) traffic centres for the network-wide use of utilisation measures, research and innovation, and training and education.