TheDirectorate-General for Civil Aviation and Maritime Affairs (DGLM) contributes to keeping the Netherlands connected to the rest of the world and, consequently, to a vital economy by ensuring the sustainable development of mainports, aviation and shipping.
To support the policy-making process, DGLM needs a solid knowledge base. This is achieved by setting up research programmes that are carried out by KiM (Netherlands Institute for Transport Policy Analysis)and by independent subcontractors.
Because of the level of applicability of the research results asked for, there are specific longer-term research programmes on transport matters. Nevertheless, policy objectives remain more or less the same throughout a longer period of time and specific research projects with a longer life span are part of the programme. Another part of the programme is reserved for short-term questions, often related to the political opportunities of the day.
The organisation cooperates with public and private parties such as the National Aerospace Laboratory and SchipholAirport.
Since 2010 the “Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management” including DGLM was integrated into the new Ministry of Infrastructure and the Environment.
The principal aims of the DGLM are:
- to promote the safety of air traffic and transport;
- to strike a balance between the advantages and disadvantages of air traffic;
- to improve market conditions of Dutch seaports and to maintain and (where necessary) improve the accessibility of seaports;
- to make shortsea transport easier and more attractive,
- shipping policy is focused on three areas: safety, the economy and the environment.
DGLM’s areas of focus over the next few years will include the development of Schiphol, the reorganisation of airspace, the construction of the Maasvlakte 2 (for the port of Rotterdam) and the further development of sound international connections for mainports, specifically waterways and inland ports.
The research programme of DGLM is organised along the lines of the policy objectives. Budget is allocated among the different policy sectors of the directorate and then prioritised. Next to the programme, a number of research institutions are subsidised, among which is the Nationaal Lucht- en Ruimtevaartlaboratorium (National Aerospace Laboratory).
The policy themes of the DGLM are the following:
The seaport policy aimes at improving the international competitive power of Dutch seaports, taking the environment and security into consideration. The government is dedicated to creating better market conditions, setting clear requirements and maintaining and (where necessary) improving the accessibility of seaports. A future vision for sustainable seaports is currently being developed. The central issue is how ports can accommodate the increase in goods transport in a sustainable way. A start has been made on the innovation programme duurzame zeehavens (sustainable seaports) which provides financial support to projects with a view to creating sustainable mobility in seaports.
With regard to shipping DGLM would like the contribution made by shipping to the Dutch economy to increase, as it will generate more jobs and more income. To achieve this, the ministry is striving for fair international competition, less administrative burden, more innovation, a favourable tax climate and good education in the shipping sector. To stimulate innovation within the sector the Ministry of Transport, Public Works and Water Management is allocating a one-off amount of 10 million euros for the period 2006-2009 to stimulate innovation. This is not just intended to stimulate technical innovations, but also for logistic and organisational renewal.
Another policy theme of the DGLM is that shortsea transport must be made easier and more attractive. Therefore DGLM is working towards reducing administrative burden, inspections and emissions of pollutants from ships.
The policy with regard to Schiphol (Amsterdam Airport) still needs to be specified. The policy is based on two considerations:
- Schiphol’s position as a major hub must be retained.
- The nuisance caused by air traffic is recognised. This nuisance must be reduced as much as possible, especially in the surrounding area.
The cabinet sees it as its task to ensure that Schiphol can utilise the permitted environmental leeway in the best possible way. The airport will therefore be allowed to develop. However, by effectively using the environmental leeway, the airport must ensure that nuisance is limited for residents in the surrounding area