Energy and environment (thematic group 2.1)

Programme details

PREDIT 2: GT2.1

Energy and environment (thematic group 2.1)
Energie, environnement (groupe thématique 2.1)
France
 
Programme type: Funding programme
Origin: National (France)
Duration: 1996 - 2000
  • Outline
  • Funding
  • Projects
  • Contact
Background & policy context: 

N/A

Strategic Objectives: 

Research stream for the improvement of environmental and energy performance of road vehicles. This research permits improved knowledge of emission continuum, diffusion and exposure.

Programme organisation: 

The main directions of research are as follows:

  • Effects on health and impact of air pollution on population. Medical risks linked to pollution produced by surface transport arise for a large part from their atmospheric emissions. The exact impact of surface transport on air pollution is still unknown. At the same time, of work is carried out to obtain a better knowledge of population exposure to pollutants. Measurement campaigns were implemented in microenvironments such as stations, traffic lanes, etc. Individual pollution sensors were developed to describe factors of population exposures. Epidemiological research was conducted on target populations (transport professionals, children, asthmatics, etc) as a priority with a view of developing benchmarks.
  • Noises and noise pollution linked to surface transport. Works on environment noise protection represent a major issue both in the field of road and rail transport. Some research is brought into effect in relation with the 'Safety, Ergonomics, Comfort' thematic group.
  • Fuel-engine-cleaning-up cycle. The main concern of this group is to look after mechanical and chemical optimisation of road vehicles. It works with priority at improving the radiant efficiency of engines and at reducing NOx emissions or particles in the atmosphere.
  • New generation batteries and fuel cells. The arrival of the electric vehicle on the market represents a substantial advance for pollution reduction in urban areas and reduction of total energy cost. Work in this sub-group was related to all light land vehicles, from two-wheelers to urban buses.
Leading Institutions:

Public institution

Ministère de la Jeunesse, de l'Education et de la Recherche (Ministry of Youth, Education and Research) - Ministère Délégué à la Recherche
Type of funding: 
Public (national/regional/local)
Programme funding arrangements and funding conditions: 

See main programme form for Predit 2 for details.

Participating countries: 
France
Total number of projects: 

Approx. 170

Projects covered: 

Examples of projects are:

- Noise emissions of tramways: measures and effects.
- Modelling of air pollution at local and regional level in urban and peri-urban areas.
- Studies on short-term relations between respiratory diseases and urban air pollution.
- Polluting emissions from cars: defining possibilities of analysing them.
- Control of air quality: management of risk: how to measure air quality and manage the risk of air pollution, to increase awareness of

  citizens.
- Definition of a method to measure ammonia in the atmosphere.

Project Profiles:
  1. Air quality - Project cluster
  2. Atmospheric pollution - Project cluster
  3. Characterisation of the electromagnetic environment on France's roads
  4. Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) vehicles - Project cluster
  5. Contamination by heavy metals - Project cluster
  6. Contribution to the study and design of multivariable nonlinear predictive control laws for the control of spark-ignition internal combustion engines with method of combustion
  7. Cost/profit analysis for a clean car: methodology and application to the electric car
  8. Effects of pollution on plants - Project cluster
  9. Forecasting and measurement of pollution - Project cluster
  10. Fossil fuels and pollution - Project cluster
  11. Health effects of air pollution due to transport - Project cluster
  12. Human exposure to pollution - Project cluster
  13. Lithium-ion batteries - Project cluster
  14. Modelling of pollution - Project cluster
  15. Ozone and ecosystems - Project cluster
  16. Particulate filters for buses - Project cluster
  17. Particulates and aerosols - Project cluster
  18. Predictive model of the propagation of vibrations from railway vehicles moving at constant speed
  19. Preliminary study to set up a network to monitor atmospheric chemistry throughout the country
  20. Projects on transport noise and acoustics - Project cluster
  21. Prospective research on all complete energy chains to supply embedded fuel cells
  22. Road components
  23. Role of rain in the transfer of air contaminants in urban communities: the case of the town of Bordeaux. Impact on run-off
  24. Trend analysis using data obtained from ASSQAs and planes
  25. Vehicle pollution emissions - Project cluster
Contact Name: 
Secrétariat permanent du Predit
Organisation: 
METLTM - Ministère de l'Equipement DRAST (Research Directorate)
Address: 
Tour Pascal B
Zipcode: 
F-92055
City: 
La Défense cedex
Contact country: 
France
Telephone: 
+33 1 40 81 14 17
Fax Number: 
+33 1 40 81 15 22