Research stream for the improvement of environmental and energy performance of road vehicles. This research permits improved knowledge of emission continuum, diffusion and exposure.
The main directions of research are as follows:
- Effects on health and impact of air pollution on population. Medical risks linked to pollution produced by surface transport arise for a large part from their atmospheric emissions. The exact impact of surface transport on air pollution is still unknown. At the same time, of work is carried out to obtain a better knowledge of population exposure to pollutants. Measurement campaigns were implemented in microenvironments such as stations, traffic lanes, etc. Individual pollution sensors were developed to describe factors of population exposures. Epidemiological research was conducted on target populations (transport professionals, children, asthmatics, etc) as a priority with a view of developing benchmarks.
- Noises and noise pollution linked to surface transport. Works on environment noise protection represent a major issue both in the field of road and rail transport. Some research is brought into effect in relation with the 'Safety, Ergonomics, Comfort' thematic group.
- Fuel-engine-cleaning-up cycle. The main concern of this group is to look after mechanical and chemical optimisation of road vehicles. It works with priority at improving the radiant efficiency of engines and at reducing NOx emissions or particles in the atmosphere.
- New generation batteries and fuel cells. The arrival of the electric vehicle on the market represents a substantial advance for pollution reduction in urban areas and reduction of total energy cost. Work in this sub-group was related to all light land vehicles, from two-wheelers to urban buses.
See main programme form for Predit 2 for details.
Examples of projects are:
- Noise emissions of tramways: measures and effects.
- Modelling of air pollution at local and regional level in urban and peri-urban areas.
- Studies on short-term relations between respiratory diseases and urban air pollution.
- Polluting emissions from cars: defining possibilities of analysing them.
- Control of air quality: management of risk: how to measure air quality and manage the risk of air pollution, to increase awareness of
- Definition of a method to measure ammonia in the atmosphere.
- Air quality - Project cluster
- Atmospheric pollution - Project cluster
- Characterisation of the electromagnetic environment on France's roads
- Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) vehicles - Project cluster
- Contamination by heavy metals - Project cluster
- Contribution to the study and design of multivariable nonlinear predictive control laws for the control of spark-ignition internal combustion engines with method of combustion
- Cost/profit analysis for a clean car: methodology and application to the electric car
- Effects of pollution on plants - Project cluster
- Forecasting and measurement of pollution - Project cluster
- Fossil fuels and pollution - Project cluster
- Health effects of air pollution due to transport - Project cluster
- Human exposure to pollution - Project cluster
- Lithium-ion batteries - Project cluster
- Modelling of pollution - Project cluster
- Ozone and ecosystems - Project cluster
- Particulate filters for buses - Project cluster
- Particulates and aerosols - Project cluster
- Predictive model of the propagation of vibrations from railway vehicles moving at constant speed
- Preliminary study to set up a network to monitor atmospheric chemistry throughout the country
- Projects on transport noise and acoustics - Project cluster
- Prospective research on all complete energy chains to supply embedded fuel cells
- Road components
- Role of rain in the transfer of air contaminants in urban communities: the case of the town of Bordeaux. Impact on run-off
- Trend analysis using data obtained from ASSQAs and planes
- Vehicle pollution emissions - Project cluster