The government-wide LINK mechanism provides support to academic/industrial partnerships conducting pre-competitive research, which aims to stimulate innovation, create wealth and improve quality of life. DfT supported 43 projects in the now closed LINK Inland Surface Transport and Future Integrated Transport programmes. These programmes were intended to contribute to the competitiveness of the UK transport industry by enabling and accelerating the commercial exploitation of science and technology, leading to new products, processes, systems and services. Additional sponsorship was offered by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC), the Economic and Social Research Council (ESRC) and the Department of Trade and Industry (DTI) to these and other projects in these programmes.
The objectives, in relation to each of the three sub-themes, are as follows:
- LINK Future Integrated Transport (FIT): The FIT Programme offered a framework for collaboration between the public and the private sectors in support of integrated transport, an area of significant importance to the national economy and quality of life. The main objective was to support research that contributed to the development of transport systems that are safe, efficient, clean and fair. The programme closed to new applications in 2002. Of the 36 full projects in the programme, DfT offered support to 17.
- LINK Inland Surface Transport (IST): The main objective of this LINK programme was to support research contributing to the development of inland surface transport systems that would be efficient, safe and both environmentally and socially acceptable. In addition the programme was intended to contribute to the competitiveness of the UK transport industry, and the quality of life. LINK-IST was open to applications from March 1996 to April 1999 and was managed and sponsored by EPSRC and DfT with additional sponsorship coming from DTI and ESRC. Of the 42 projects in the programme, DfT gave support to 26. The programme was preceeded by LINK-TIO and succeeded by LINK-FIT.
The transport policy context and organisation are indicated by the programme's two sub-themes:
- LINK Future Integrated Transport (FIT)
- LINK Inland Surface Transport (IST).
Examples of projects within this programme include:
Computer Based Tools for Streetscape Design and Reallocation - Improving the Efficiency of Travel by Improved Household Activity Scheduling - Pedestrian Activity Measurement in the Transport Environment (PERMEATE) - Assessing the Potential for Rationalising Road Freight Operations - Enhanced Rail Contribution by Improved Reliability (ERCIR) - Driver Monitoring and Feedback - Extending Comprehensive Access with Local Initiatives for Bus Systems in Urban Areas (EXCALIBUR) - Journey Time Estimations in Urban Road Networks - Technologies for Advanced Co-operative Driving (TACO) - Understanding Road Generated Exterior Noise from Tyres (URGENT)
- Assessing the Potential for Rationalising Road Freight Operations
- Co-ordinating Individual Action Programme in Rural Transport Management
- Computer Based Tools for Streetscape Design and Reallocation (STP 14/6/22)
- Development of a Non-contact Angular Rate Sensor for Vehicle Navigation
- Dynamic Assistive Information Systems (STP 14/6/45)
- Enhanced Rail Contribution by Improved Reliability (STP 14/6/19)
- Evaluating the Success of Urban Cycle Networks (STP 14/6/15)
- Improving the Efficiency of Travel by Improved Household Activity Scheduling (STP 14/6/20)
- Inclusive Transport Environments: Colour, Design, Lighting and Visual Impairment (STP 14/6/14)
- Integrating Transport and E-Commerce in Logistics Supply Chains
- Integration of Multi-Modal Reliability in the Assessment of Transport Schemes
- Measuring Demand for an Integrated Inter-Urban Public Transport Network
- Model To Assess Public Transport Reliability (STP 14/6/43)
- Monitoring of High Occupancy Vehicles
- Multi-Objective Signal Control for Urban Environments (STP 14/6/44)
- Pedestrian Activity Measurement in the Transport Environment (STP 14/6/8)
- Rapid Construction of Passenger Interchanges
- UK Marine Motorways Study