Iceland 2020 is the main government policy statement on the economy and community, which presents a vision of the future of Iceland and also presents 30 actions and tasks to achieve the goals established for 2020. This document creates a framework for sectoral strategies, including the research and innovation, and transport. In particular, the document presents new objectives for research policy and quantitative targets.
The goals and objectives for research and innovation are further detailed in the Science and Technology Policy Council Strategy for 2010–2012. The transport sector goals are presented in the National Transport Plan 2009–2012.
The key government body responsible for designing and coordinating research and development policy is the Science and Technology Policy Council, chaired by the Prime Minister. This council is the supreme body for defining the direction of science and technology policy in Iceland. The Council issues three-year policy statements and periodic policy declarations, which form the basis for implementing policy. The Ministry of Education, Science and Culture is responsible for implementing R&D policy, but many other ministries play a role because of their responsibilities for research organisations in their own areas.
At operational level, the Icelandic Centre for Research, which reports to the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, is an important agent in implementing policy.
Developing and implementing transport policy is the responsibility of the Ministry of Interior and its sectoral institutions:
- Aircraft Accident Investigation Board
- Icelandic Coast Guard
- Icelandic Marine Accident Investigation Board
- Icelandic Maritime Administration
- Icelandic Road Administration
- Road Accident Investigation Group
- Road Traffic Directorate.
Transport research can be funded through the general research funding, and by international and EU funds (EU Framework Programmes). At national level, the major funding sources for research and development are the Ministry of Education, Science and Culture, and the Ministry of Industries and Innovation. Administration of the main funds for research and technological development has been delegated to the Icelandic Centre for Research. These funds are:
- Research Fund
- Technology Development Fund
- Graduate Training Fund
- Fund for Equipment
- Targeted research programmes: currently, the nanoscience and technology and post-genomic biomedicine programme, and the Centre of Excellence Programme.
Organisations responsible for the institutional framework and funding: